Studio Ghibli, Inc. (株式会社スタジオジブリ Kabushiki-kaisha Sutajio Jiburi) is a Japanese animation film studio, and previously was a subsidiary of Tokuma Shoten.
Several anime features created by Studio Ghibli have won the Animage Anime Grand Prix award including Laputa: Castle in the Sky in 1986, My Neighbor Totoro in 1988, and Kiki's Delivery Service in 1989. In 2002, Spirited Away won an Oscar for Best Animated Feature, the first anime film to win an Academy Award.
The name Ghibli derives from the nickname the Italians used for their Saharan scouting planes in the Second World War (and later for the AMX International AMX and Maserati Ghibli), which is derived from the Libyan word for hot wind blowing through the Sahara Desert (also known as sirocco).
Though the Italian word is pronounced with a hard /g/, the Japanese pronunciation of the studio's name is [dʑíbɯɺi], as in with a "soft g". The theory behind the name was that the studio was blowing a new wind into the Japanese anime industry.
Founded in 1985, the studio is headed by the acclaimed director Hayao Miyazaki along with his faithful companion Isao Takahata, as well as the studio's executive managing director and long-time producer Toshio Suzuki. Its origins date back to 1984, with the film Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind, which was popularized as a serialized manga in a publication of Tokuma Shoten's Animage magazine after the original screenplay was rejected. The film was eventually produced by Topcraft and the film's success spurred the formation of Ghibli. Much of Ghibli's works are distributed in Japan by the noted film distributor Toho. Tokuma is the parent company of Studio Ghibli, and it has provided the Walt Disney Company with the video rights to all of Ghibli's output that did not have previous international distribution, including the global, non-Japan distribution rights to Princess Mononoke and Spirited Away. Miyazaki's film, Howl's Moving Castle, was based on a book by British author Diana Wynne Jones, published in several countries including Canada and the United States. Composer Joe Hisaishi has provided the soundtrack for all of Miyazaki's Studio Ghibli films.
The most famous and lauded film from the studio that was not directed by Miyazaki is Grave of the Fireflies, directed by Isao Takahata, a film focusing on the lives of two war orphans towards the end of the Second World War in Japan.
Over the years, there has been a close relationship between Studio Ghibli and the magazine Animage, which regularly runs exclusive articles about the studio and its members in a section titled "Ghibli Notes." Artwork from Ghibli's films and other works frequently graces the cover of the magazine.
The company is well-known for its strict "no-edits" policy in licensing their films abroad. This was a result of the dubbing of Miyazaki's Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind when the film was released in the United States as Warriors of the Wind. The film was heavily edited and americanized, with significant portions cut and the plot rewritten. The "no cuts" policy was highlighted when Miramax co-chairman Harvey Weinstein suggested editing Princess Mononoke to make it more marketable. In response, a Studio Ghibli producer sent an authentic katana with a simple message: "No cuts".
On February 1 2008, Toshio Suzuki stepped down from the position of Studio Ghibli president which he held since 2005, and Koji Hoshino (former president of Walt Disney Japan) took over. Suzuki said he wanted to improve films with his own hands as a producer, rather than demanding this from his employees. He has revealed that Takahata and Goro Miyazaki (director of Tales from Earthsea and Hayao's son) are developing projects for release after Hayao Miyazaki's Ponyo. Suzuki decided to hand over the presidency to Hoshino because Hoshino has helped Studio Ghibli sell its videos since 1996, as well as helped to release the Princess Mononoke film in the United States.
Films and specials (Excluding short films or Ghibli Museum releases)Edit
'When Marnie Was There' is also on this list and 'Boro the Caterpillar' should not be. Due to glitches, this cannot be fixed at this moment in time.
Short films (TV, Theatrical, Ghibli Museum, and OVA)Edit
- Ghiblies (2000) (TV short film)
- Ghiblies Episode 2 (2002) (Shown theatrically before The Cat Returns)
- Koro's Big Day Out (コロの大さんぽ Koro no Daisanpo) (2003) (Shown at the Ghibli Museum)
- The Whale Hunt (くじらとり Kujiratori) (2003) (Shown at the Ghibli Museum)
- Mei and the Kittenbus (めいとこねこバス Mei to Konekobasu) (2003) (Shown at the Ghibli Museum)
- Looking for a Home (やどさがし Yadosagashi) (2005) (Shown at the Ghibli Museum)
- The Day I Harvested a Planet (星をかった日 Hoshi wo Katta Hi) (2005) (Shown at the Ghibli Museum)
- Water Spider Monmon (水グモもんもん Mizugumo Monmon) (2005) (Shown at the Ghibli Museum)
- The Night of Taneyamagahara (種山ヶ原の夜 Taneyamagahara no Yoru) (2006)
- Iblard Jikan (イバラード時間 Ibarado Time) (2007)
Music videos (Theatrical and TV)Edit
- On Your Mark (1995) (a promotional music video for Chage & Aska directed by Hayao Miyazaki)
- Portable Airport (2004) (a music video created by Studio Kajino for Capsule directed by Yoshiyuki Momose)
- Space Station No. 9 (2004) (a music video created by Studio Kajino for Capsule directed by Yoshiyuki Momose)
- A Flying City Plan (Soratobu Toshikeikaku) (2005) (a music video created by Studio Kajino for Capsule directed by Yoshiyuki Momose)
- Doredore no Uta (2005) (a promotional music video for Meiko Haigou directed by Osamu Tanabe)
- piece (2009) (a promotional music video for Yui Aragaki directed by Yoshiyuki Momose)
- "Sora Iro no Tane" (The Sky-Colored Seed) (1992) (TV spot for Nippon TV)
- "Nandarou" (1992) (TV commercial for NHK)
- "Hotaru No Haku" (1996) (Kinyou Roadshow houeikokuchi spot)
- "Kinyou Roadshow" (1996) (Announcement spot for Kinyou Roadshow opening)
- "Umacha" (2001) (TV commercials)
- "Shop-One" (Online Shopping Mall Announcement Spot)
- "House Shokuhin" (House Shokuhin Campaign Commercial)
- "O-uchi de Tabeyou" (House Shokuhin Series Commercial, Summer Version)
- "O-uchi de Tabeyou" (House Shokuhin Series Commercial, Winter Version)
- "Hajimaru yo, Erai Koccha-hen" (KNB YumeDigi PR Spot)
- "Kawaraban-hen" (Corporate commercial for Yomiuri Shinbubsha)
- "Dore Dore Hikkoushi-hen" (Corporate commercial for Yomiuri Shinbubsha)
- "Risona Ginkou" (Corporate commercial)
The works listed here consist of works that don't fall into the above categories. Many of these films have been released on DVD in Japan.
- Sekai Waga Kokoro no Tabi (1998) (documentary following Isao Takahata to Canada to meet Frédéric Back)
- Sekai Waga Kokoro no Tabi (1999) (documentary travelling with Hayao Miyazaki as he follows the footsteps of Antoine de Saint-Exupéry)
- Lasseter-san, Arigatou ("Thank You, Mr. Lasseter") (2003) (thank you video created for John Lasseter)
- Miyazaki Hayao Produce no Ichimai no CD ha Koushite Umareta (2003) (A film about Tsunehiko Kamijo's Okaasa no Shashin CD)
- Otsuka Yasuo no Ugokasu Yorokobi (2004) (A documentary about animator Yasuo Otsuka)
- Miyazaki Hayao to Ghibli Bijyutsukan (2005) (A film featuring Goro Miyazaki and Isao Takahata touring the Ghibli Museum)
- Jiburi no Eshokunin - Oga Kazuo Ten - Totoro no Mori o Kaita Hito ("A Ghibli Artisan - Kazuo Oga Exhibition - The Man Who Painted Totoro's Forest") (2007) (A documentary to commemorate an exhibtion at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, featuring the work of Studio Ghibli background artist Kazuo Oga)
- Ghibli no Fuukei ("Scenery of Ghibli") (2009) (A documentary hosted by Japanese actresses Tsuruta Mayu, Natsukawa Yui and actor Tetsuta Sugimoto , that follows them around Europe and Japan matching Miyazaki's storyboards to the real world scenery and attractions that served as inspiration to the settings of his animated films)
- Suzuki Toshio no Ghibli Asemamire, 99 no Kotoba ("Suzuki Toshio's Ghibli Asemamire, 99 Words") (2009) (A compilation of 49 interviews conducted by Toshio Suzuki on his weekly radio program Ghibli Asemamire, broadcasting on Tokyo FM)
These works were not created by Studio Ghibli, but were produced by members of Topcraft that went on to create Studio Ghibli in 1985; produced by Toei Animation, Nippon Animation or other studios and featuring involvement by Hayao Miyazaki, Isao Takahata, or other Ghibli staffers; or created in cooperation with Studio Ghibli.
- Sally, the Witch (魔法使いサリー Mahōtsukai Sarī) (1966) (by Toei Animation; Hayao Miyazaki was a key animator on this series, based on a manga by Mitsuteru Yokoyama.)
- Horus: Prince of the Sun (太陽の王子 ホルスの大冒険 Taiyō no Ōji: Horusu no Daibōken) (1968) (Takahata's directorial debut; Hayao Miyazaki was chief animator, concept artist, and scene designer)
- The Secrets of Akko-chan (ひみつのアッコちゃん Himitsu no Akko-chan) (1969) (by Toei Animation, directed by Hiroshi Ikeda; Miyazaki was a key animator)
- Puss in Boots (長靴をはいた猫 Nagagutsu wo Haita Neko) (1969) (Directed by Kimio Yabuki for Toei, written by Hisashi Inoue with gag supervision by Nakahara Yumihiko, key animators include Yasuo Otsuka, Yoichi Kotabe, Reiko Okuyama, Takuo Kikuchi, Akemi Ota, Hayao Miyazaki, and Akira Daikubara)
- Animal Treasure Island (1971) (Directed by Hiroshi Ikeda for Toei with idea construction by Hayao Miyazaki; Hayao Miyazaki was also scene designer and chief animator)
- Panda! Go Panda! (パンダ・コパンダ Panda Kopanda) (1972) (Directed by Isao Takahata and written by Hayao Miyazaki)
- 20,000 Leagues under the Sea (1972) (by Topcraft for Rankin-Bass)
- Kid Power (1972-1973) (by Topcraft for Rankin-Bass) shown on American Broadcasting Company Saturday mornings with 17 episodes.
- Heidi, Girl of the Alps (アルプスの少女ハイジ Arupusu no Shoujo Haiji) (1974, by Zuiyo Eizo, which later became Nippon Animation; directed by Isao Takahata)
- The Story of Heidi (English dubbed by extended Pacific Arts Corporation, Twentieth Century Fox, V/G Productions, and theatrical Warner Bros. Family Entertainment, directed by Claudio Guzman, 1979, dialogue by Dick Strome)
- The Swiss Alps Girl of Notre Dame (re-founded by Studio Ghibli, 1980, by Astro Boy Productions, directed by Nobutaka Nishizawa)
- From the Apennines to the Andes (Haha wo Tazunete Sanzenri) (1976, by Nippon Animation; directed by Isao Takahata; Scene setting, Layout: Hayao Miyazaki)
- The Hobbit (1977) (by Topcraft for Rankin-Bass; won the Peabody Award; artists include: Hidetoshi Kaneko, Kazuko Ito and Minoru Nishida;)
- Future Boy Conan (未来少年コナン Mirai Shōnen Konan) (1978) (by Nippon Animation; directed by Hayao Miyazaki, with one episode directed by Isao Takahata, and featured animation work by many future Ghibli staffers)
- Anne of Green Gables (赤毛のアン Akage no An) (1979) (by Nippon Animation; directed by Isao Takahata)
- The Return of the King (1980) (by Topcraft for Rankin-Bass; done by basically the same team that did The Hobbit, with the addition of Tadakatsu Yoshida)
- The Last Unicorn (1982) (by Topcraft for Rankin-Bass )
- The Flight of Dragons (1982) (by Topcraft for Rankin-Bass)
- Gauche the Cellist (セロ弾きのゴーシュ Sero Hiki no Goushu) (1982, by OH Production, directed by Isao Takahata)
- Adventures of the Little Koala (Koala Boy Kokki) (1984, by Topcraft for Tohokushinsha Film)
- Lupin III: Castle of Cagliostro (ルパン三世 カリオストロの城 Rupan Sansei: Kariosutoro no Shiro) (1979) (Miyazaki's directorial feature debut)
- Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (風の谷のナウシカ Kaze no tani no Naushika) (1984, Topcraft)
- ThunderCats (1985) (an animated series created by Topcraft for Rankin-Bass)
- Mary and the Witch's Flower (2017)
- The Story of Yanagawa's Canals (1987) (a documentary by Isao Takahata)
- Ozanari Dungeon (1991) (an OVA series for which Studio Ghibli did some animation work)
- Shiki-Jitsu (2000) (directed by Hideaki Anno and produced by Studio Kajino)
- Satorare (Transparent: Tribute to a Sad Genius) (2001) (live-action film co-produced by Studio Ghibli directed by Katsuyuki Motohiro)
- Ghost in the Shell 2: Innocence (2004) (a film by Production I.G, co-produced by Studio Ghibli)
- The Overcoat (2008?) (a film by Yuri Norstein, still in production, possibly being funded by Studio Ghibli president Toshio Suzuki)
These Western animated films have been distributed by Studio Ghibli, and now through their label, Ghibli Museum Library
- Snezhnaya koroleva (1957) (a Russian film by Lev Amatanov)
- Le Roi et l'oiseau (1980) (a French film by Paul Grimault)
- Kirikou et la sorcière (1998) (a French/Belgian film by Michel Ocelot)
- Princes et princesses (1999) (a French film by Michel Ocelot)
- Les Triplettes de Belleville (2002) (a Canadian film by Sylvain Chomet)
- Azur et Asmar (2006) (Michel Ocelot)
- Moya Iyubov (2006) (a Russian film by Aleksandr Petrov)
- Panda kopanda (1972-1973) (two short films directed by Isao Takahata and written by Hayao Miyazaki)
In addition, Takahata, working with staff from the studio, contributed a segment to the 2004 experimental animation anthology Winter Days (Fuyu no Hi).
Studio Ghibli has made contributions to the following anime series and movies.
- Memories (1995) (cooperation in photography on Cannon Fodder sequence)
- .hack//Liminality vol. 1: In the Case of Mai Minase (2003) (in-between animation)
- IGPX' (2005) (inbetween animation)
- Le Chevalier D'Eon (2006) (digital paint, inbetween animation)
- Neon Genesis Evangelion (1995) (episode 11, animation)
- The Prince of Tennis (2001) (inbetween animation on the movie, Two Samurais, The First Game)
- Cardcaptor Sakura (1997) (special effects for both movies)
- Tsubasa Chronicle: Spring Thunder (2009) (in-between animation)
- ↑ The Birth of Studio Ghibli, Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind DVD, Walt Disney Home Entertainment, 2005.
- ↑ The Birth of Studio Ghibli, Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind DVD, Walt Disney Home Entertainment, 2005.
- ↑ A god among animators by Xan Brooks, The Guardian 2005-09-14: There is a rumour that when Harvey Weinstein was charged with handling the US release of Princess Mononoke, Miyazaki sent him a samurai sword in the post. Attached to the blade was a stark message: 'No cuts.' / The director chortles. 'Actually, my producer did that.' (accessed 2007-05-23)
- ↑ スタジオジブリ社長に星野康二氏 2008-02-01 (in Japanese)
- ↑ ghibli.jp (attempted translation by Google)